Martyrdom of The Bab 2020 is on Thursday, July 9, 2020: What is the role of the Bab in Baha'ism?
Thursday, July 9, 2020 is Martyrdom of The Bab 2020. Siyyid `Alí Muḥammad Shírází (, ; October 20, 1819 – July 9, 1850) was the founder of Bábism, and one of three central figures of the Bahá'í Faith.
Siyyid `Alí Muḥammad Shírází (, ; October 20, 1819 – July 9, 1850) was the founder of Bábism, and one of three central figures of the Bahá'í Faith.
The message from the Bab was partly different from the message of Baha'u'llah.
The Bab had a message that was mainly for the inhabitants of Persia and neighbouring countries, to prepare them for the advant of a second manifestation. His Station is however equal to that of the other prophets, as He started a whole new revelation and His writings are considered as divinely revealed by the Baha'i community.
The Bab enacted some laws, sometimes very harsh, that were later abolished by Baha'u'llah. Those laws were destined to protect an emerging community of believers and lead the way for the next one.
To conclude, here a short text written by Shoghi Effendi explaining the reason for such laws, in the explanations of the Most Holy Book of the Baha'i Dispensation:
"The severe laws and injunctions revealed by the Bab can be properly appreciated and understood only when interpreted in the light of His own statements regarding the nature, purpose and character of His own Dispensation. As these statements clearly reveal, the Bábí Dispensation was essentially in the nature of a religious and indeed social revolution, and its duration had
therefore to be short, but full of tragic events, of sweeping and drastic reforms. Those drastic measures enforced by the Bab and His followers were taken with the view of undermining the very foundations of Shi'ih orthodoxy, and thus paving the way for the coming of Bahá'u'lláh. To assert the independence of the new
Dispensation, and to prepare also the ground for the approaching Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh, the Bab had therefore to reveal very severe laws, even though most of them were never enforced. But the mere fact that He revealed them was in itself a proof of the independent character of His Dispensation and was sufficient to create such widespread agitation, and excite such opposition on
the part of the clergy that led them to cause His eventual martyrdom."
can someone give me detailed answer on the history of baha'i?
The Bahá'í Faith is a monotheistic religion founded by Bahá'u'lláh in nineteenth-century Persia, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind.
In 1844, Siyyid 'Ali-Muhammad announced in Shiraz, Persia, that he was the Bab (the Gate), a Messenger of God in his own right but forerunner of Another to come having an even greater Revelation. Among his many works was the writing of al-Bayan (the Explanation), the instituting of certain laws, and establishment of a new calendar. His religion was known as Babism.
Shortly after martyrdom of the Bab, Mirza Husayn-'Ali was in Tihran's Siyah-Chal prison for being a Bab'i (follower of the Bab) when he received God's Revelation that He was to usher in the "Era of [Prophetic] Fulfillment." In 1852 Baha'u'llah shared this information only with his immediate family. Upon release from prison, he and his family were banished by the Shah to Baghdad and it was at Baghdad, in 1863, that Baha'u'llah publicly proclaimed his station.
Because Baha'u'llah abrogated only certain of the Bab's laws while incorporating others into His own Kitab'i-Aqdas (Book of Laws), and instituted the Bab's calendar, the Twin Manifestations and Their two religions are closely interwoven. The Bab'i/Baha'i calendar begins in 1844 and that is the year considered to be the inception of the Baha'i Faith.
On what day do Baha'is celebrate their religious festival?
Naw Ruz (New Year) March 21
Ridvan (declaration of Baha'u'llah) April 21 to May 2
Declaration of the Bab, May 23
Ascension of Baha'u'llah May 29
Martyrdom of the Bab July 9
Birth of the Bab October 20
Birth of Baha'u'llah November 12
Day of the Covenant November 26
Ascension of Abdu'l-Baha November 28
Ayyam-i-Ha (Intercalary Days, time of giving gifts, parties and preparing for the Fast) February 26 to March 1
The Calendar varies on some holy days in Iran. To be honest, I find that rather confusing.
Fasting March 2 to 20