National Navajo Code Talkers Day 2019 is on Wednesday, August 14, 2019: When did the Navajo Windtalkers program in WW2 end? Specific date?

Agoda

Wednesday, August 14, 2019 is National Navajo Code Talkers Day 2019. National Navajo Code Talkers Day National Navajo Code Talkers

When did the Navajo Windtalkers program in WW2 end? Specific date?

The Navajo code talkers were also deployed in the Korean War; the use of code talkers ended shortly into the Vietnam War.

Code talker is a term used to describe people who talk using a coded language. It is frequently used to describe Native Americans who served in the United States Marine Corps whose primary job was the transmission of secret tactical messages. Code talkers transmitted these messages over military telephone or radio communications nets using formal or informally developed codes built upon their native languages. Their service was very valuable since codes and ciphers can be broken, but languages must be studied for a long time before being understood.

The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Other Native American code talkers were used by the United States Army in both World War I and World War II, using Cherokee, Choctaw and Comanche soldiers. Soldiers of Basque ancestry were used for code talking by the US Marines during World War II in areas where other Basque speakers were not expected to be operating.

The first known use of Native Americans in the American military to transmit messages under fire was a group of Cherokee troops utilized by the American 30th Infantry Division serving alongside the British during the Second Battle of the Somme. According to the Division Signal Officer this took place in September 1918. Their outfit was under British command at the time.

Adolf Hitler knew about the successful use of code talkers during World War I and sent a team of some thirty anthropologists to learn Native American languages before the outbreak of World War II.[3] However, it proved too difficult to learn all the many languages and dialects that existed. Because of Nazi German anthropologists' attempts to learn the languages, the U.S. Army did not implement a large scale code talker program in the European Theater. Fourteen Comanche code talkers took part in the Invasion of Normandy, and continued to serve in the 4th Infantry Division during further European operations.[4] Comanches of the 4th Signal Company compiled a vocabulary of over 100 code terms using words or phrases in their own language. Using a substitution method similar to the Navajo, the Comanche code word for tank was "turtle", bomber was "pregnant airplane", machine gun was "sewing machine" and Adolf Hitler became "crazy white man." [5]

Two Comanche code-talkers were assigned to each regiment, the rest to 4th Infantry Division headquarters. Shortly after landing on Utah Beach on June 6, 1944, the Comanches began transmitting messages. Some were wounded but none killed.

In 1989, the French government awarded the Comanche code-talkers the Chevalier of the National Order of Merit. On 30 November, 1999, the United States Department of Defense presented Charles Chibitty with the Knowlton Award

Philip Johnston proposed the use of Navajo to the United States Marine Corps at the beginning of World War II. The idea was accepted, and the Navajo code was formally developed and modeled on the Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet that uses agreed-upon English words to represent letters. As it was determined that phonetically spelling out all military terms letter by letter into words—while in combat—would be too time consuming, some terms, concepts, tactics and instruments of modern warfare were given uniquely formal descriptive nomenclatures in Navajo (the word for "potato" being used to refer to a hand grenade, or "tortoise" to a tank, for example).

The code talkers received no recognition until the declassification of the operation in 1968.[13] In 1982, the code talkers were given a Certificate of Recognition by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who also named August 14 "Navajo Code Talkers Day." On December 21, 2000 the U.S. Congress passed, and President Bill Clinton signed, Public Law 106-554, 114 Statute 2763, which awarded the Congressional Gold Medal to twenty-nine World War II Navajo code talkers. In July 2001, U.S. President George W. Bush personally presented the Medal to four surviving code talkers (the fifth living code talker was not able to attend) at a ceremony held in the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, DC.[14] On September 17, 2007, 18 Choctaw code talkers received the Texas Medal of Valor (posthumously) from the Adjutant General of the State of Texas for their World War I service. [15] On December 13th, 2007, H.R. 4544, the Code Talker Recognition Act, was introduced to the House of Representatives. The Code Talker Recognition Act recognizes every code talker who served in the United States military with a Congressional Gold Medal for his tribe, and a silver medal duplicate to each code talker, including eight Meskwakis.

American History Exam help?

American History Exam help?

A. Adolph Hitler

Leader of the Nazi party in Germany

F. Joseph Stalin

Leader of the Soviet Union during World War II

C. Winston Churchill

British prime minister during World War II

B. Dwight D. Eisenhower

American general who commanded Allied forces in the D-Day invasion

E. Hideki Tojo

General who became prime minister of Japan

G. Harry S. Truman

President who authorized the dropping of the atomic bomb during World War II

WAIT.....

2) remaining neutral while making war supplies available to Britain

3) the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

4) Navajo radio operators who helped secure communications in the Pacific

5) the landing of Allied forces on France's Normandy coast

6) the Pacific

7) NEITHER, the victory of the soviet union against germany

8) The Holocaust

WAIT!!...

9) Match the descriptions in Column I with the names in Column II.

B. appeasement

In the 1930s, Britain and France tried to prevent war by following a policy of ____, giving in to some of Germanys demands.

C. blitzkrieg

The term ____ means "lightning war" and refers to Germanys tactic of striking quickly and deeply into enemy territory.

D. Lend-Lease Act

The ____ authorized the president to aid any nation whose defense was seen as vital to American security.

A. Atlantic Charter

The ____, principles agreed to by Roosevelt and Churchill, would later form the basis for the United Nations.

WAIT...

10) During the 1930s, Hitler, Mussolini, and the military leaders of Japan

began invading neighboring lands.

That's all

Next time study

Saludos desde Ecuador

Agoda
Holidays also on this date Wednesday, August 14, 2019...