Pesach Day 2020 is on Tuesday, April 14, 2020: Does any1 know what goes on between the seven days of Pesach in Judaism?
Tuesday, April 14, 2020 is Pesach Day 2020. Passover Seder 2014 A How To Guide What You Need to Know
First: Pesach is seven days in Israel, eight days outside of Israel. I will give the Israeli version since you asked about the seven days.
An important factor to note here is that the Jewish day runs from sunset to sunset- thus the night preceeds the day.
Day 0: This evening we do Bedikat Chametz, the search for chametz. We go around the house and search (traditionally using a candle, a container to contain the chametz found and a feather) for any chametz we may have missed. It is traditional to place some pieces where we know they will be found (after the extensive cleaning that goes on, without this deliberate placement we probably wouldn't find any- and we need to find some for the later stages). We say a brochah(blessing declating any chametz we have not found to be ownerless and as dust. In the morning, the chametz we found the night before is burnt and a final brocha said. From the morning we may no longer eat chametz (bread/other products that have risen). We also do not eat matzah (unleavened bread) in order to increase the anticipation for that night.
Day1: We have prayer services three times a day- the night one is Ma'ariv. We go to shul and pray. That night we have the seder. On Pesach we are obligated to remeber the exodus from Egypt and we do this by recounting the story. It is traditional to involve the children as much as possible (and many elements of the seder are aimed at them). In addition to recounting the story we say Hallel (a prayer of thanks and rejoicing) as well as singing various songs which serve two main purpose- 1) keep the children entertained and 2) each song has deeper meanings about Judaism. The morning of the first day we go to shul and say shacharit (the morning service). The service includes Hallel and reading from the Torah. We also sau musaf- an extra service in memory of the extra sacrifices brought in temple times on Pesach. Mincha- the afternoon service is generally recited just before ma'ariv and we return to shul to pray.
Day 2-6 are the same- Ma'ariv at night, shacharit. minchah the next day. These days are known as Chol Hamoed
Day 7 is Yom Yov and thus carries many restriction relaxed during Chol Hamoed. The unique feature of Day 7 to the other days of Pesach is the recitation of Yizkor, a special memorial prayer for the dead recited only on specific holy days.
The first and last day are Yom Tov: This means that melachah (creative work is forbidden). It is similar to the restrictions for Shabat, but the rules are more lenient for Yom Tov (if Yom Tov falls on Shabat then the status of Shabat is aplpied). On Chol Hamoed these rules are relaxed further, but still remain in limited effect.
what do the jewish people do during pesach?
Ok - we celebrate Pessach for eight days (in IL its 7). Pessach is the holiday with the most stressing preparations, as we clean every room of the house that came in contact with Chametz (things that contain flour or are made out of grains or are sour - so basically bread, noodles, everything with vinegar, after shave, makeup, beer, et cetera) and Kitnioth (things that could contain Chametz or could be mixed with it or lead to eating of Chametz such as rice, beens, peas, etc), plus the kitchen needs to be kashered, the pots and dishes and cutlery need to be changed (we have special dishware we only use for Pessach, some people use plastic dishware during Pessach, one chassidic friend of mine sells all her pots and dished before Pessach). If people have children, they do Bedikat Chametz the day before Pessach starts (this is a search for Chametz that has left after cleaning the house) and burn it the net morning. From the morning of Erew Pessach on we do not eat, see or own any Chametz any more until Pessach is over.
Then on Erew Pessach there is the Seder, usually in the synagogue. If you google for Seder plate you'll find pictures of such a plate with it's components on it. The Chassan leads through the Seder and reads the Haggada (this is a booklet with the story of the Exodus, the questions, Dayenu, prayers and songs inside which leads through the Seder).Quickly said, it starts with Kiddush (we drink four times a half cup of wine minimum), the the Chassan washes his hands and dips Karpas (we use radish) in salt water (which stands for our tears), then he takes the middle Matza (there are three) and breaks it (the bigger part is wrapped in a napkin and hidden in the room (the children are going to search for it and the child who finds it gets a small money present), he then takes the Egg and the Seroa and lifts it. Then the youngest participant asks the four questions (Ma nishtana) and the story of Pessach, the Exodus is explained with the questions of four sons. When it comes to the ten plagues in Egypt, we dip our finger in vine for every plague and spead some wine on our plate while saying the plagues, then there is the Bracha over the bread (Matza) and we dip Maror (lettuce) in Charosset (this is a mix of nuts, raisins, apples, honey and kiddush wine) which stands for the bricks in Egypt, then we take two small pieces of Matza and place horseraddish inside. The next step is, that the Afikoman (the piece of the first broken middle Matza that was found by one of the children) is eaten. Then we start the real dinner, which usually consists of Gefilte Fish with horseraddish and beetroot, then is Kneidlach soup, then we have potatoes with beef and sauce, then there is usually fruit salad and then is nutcake. After we have eaten, we do Birkat Hamason and sing some songs like "Echad mi yodea" and later we go home.
The next day there is prayer and at the evening families do their Seder once again at home. The first and last two days are Yom tow, which means that similar rule like on Shabbos apply but not that strikt. So we live a pretty normal live between the first two and last days but basically live from Matzot and potatoes.
Hope this is enough for now - the last two days start in about 30 minutes here, so I need to go offline.But maybe someone of my US folks is going to give you an answer, as they'll have some more hours free.
Desribe how Jews celebrate Pesach and explain the importance of it to jews?
Of all the Jewish holidays, Pesach is the one most commonly observed, even by otherwise non-observant Jews. According to the 1990 National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS), more than 80% of Jews have attended a Pesach seder.
Pesach begins on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan. It is the first of the three major festivals with both historical and agricultural significance (the other two are Shavu'ot and Sukkot). Agriculturally, it represents the beginning of the harvest season in Israel, but little attention is paid to this aspect of the holiday. The primary observances of Pesach are related to the Exodus from Egypt after generations of slavery. This story is told in Exodus, Ch. 1-15. Many of the Pesach observances are instituted in Chs. 12-15.
The name "Pesach" (PAY-sahch, with a "ch" as in the Scottish "loch") comes from the Hebrew root Pei-Samekh-Cheit , meaning to pass through, to pass over, to exempt or to spare. It refers to the fact that G-d "passed over" the houses of the Jews when he was slaying the firstborn of Egypt. In English, the holiday is known as Passover. "Pesach" is also the name of the sacrificial offering (a lamb) that was made in the Temple on this holiday. The holiday is also referred to as Chag he-Aviv , (the Spring Festival), Chag ha-Matzot , (the Festival of Matzahs), and Z'man Cheiruteinu , (the Time of Our Freedom) (again, all with those Scottish "ch"s).
Pesach Laws and Customs
Probably the most significant observance related to Pesach involves the removal of chametz (leaven; sounds like "hum it's" with that Scottish "ch") from our homes. This commemorates the fact that the Jews leaving Egypt were in a hurry, and did not have time to let their bread rise. It is also a symbolic way of removing the "puffiness" (arrogance, pride) from our souls.
Chametz includes anything made from the five major grains (wheat, rye, barley, oats and spelt) that has not been completely cooked within 18 minutes after coming into contact with water. Orthodox Jews of Ashkenazic background also avoid rice, corn, peanuts, and legumes (beans) as if they were chametz. All of these items are commonly used to make bread, thus use of them was prohibited to avoid any confusion. Such additional items are referred to as "kitniyot."
We may not eat chametz during Pesach; we may not even own it or derive benefit from it. We may not even feed it to our pets or cattle. All chametz, including utensils used to cook chametz, must either be disposed of or sold to a non-Jew (they can be repurchased after the holiday). Pets' diets must be changed for the holiday, or the pets must be sold to a non-Jew (like the food and utensils, the pets can be repurchased after the holiday ends). You can sell your chametz online through Chabad-Lubavitch. I have noticed that many non-Jews and non-observant Jews mock this practice of selling chametz as an artificial technicality. I assure you that this sale is very real and legally binding, and would not be valid under Jewish law if it were not. From the gentile's perspective, the purchase functions much like the buying and selling of futures on the stock market: even though he does not take physical possession of the goods, his temporary legal ownership of those goods is very real and potentially profitable.