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Who are the Composers of the Romantic Ages?!?

Who are the Composers of the Romantic Ages?!?

List of Romantic composers

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Contents [hide]

1 Classical era/Romantic transition composers (born 1770-1800)

2 Early Romantic composers (born 1800-1820)

3 Middle Romantic composers (born 1820-1860)

4 Late Romantic composers (born 1860-1900)

5 See also


Classical era/Romantic transition composers (born 1770-1800)

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), German regarded by many as the first romantic composer and one of the most significant composers in history

Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778 - 1837), German composer, whose music bridged the Classical and Romantic periods.

Fernando Sor (1778 - 1839), Spanish composer and guitarist

Anthony Philip Heinrich (1781 - 1861), American composer of Bohemian origin, wrote highly original program music; first significant American orchestral composer

Daniel Auber (1782 - 1871), French opera composer, well known in his time, but rarely performed today

John Field (1782 - 1837), Irish composer and pianist, notable for cultivating the nocturne

Niccolò Paganini (1782 - 1840), Italian violinist and composer

Louis Spohr (1784 - 1859), German composer

Pietro Raimondi (1786 - 1853), Italian composer of operas and sacred music, noted for innovative contrapuntal experiments

Carl Maria von Weber (1786 - 1826), German composer, a bridge between the Classical and Romantic styles

Nicolas Bochsa (1789 - 1856), French composer best known today for his studies and exercises for the harp. One of the most celebrated harpists of the XIXth century.

Carl Czerny (1791 - 1857), Austrian composer best known today for his studies and exercises for the piano

Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791 - 1864), German composer, whose spectacular operas such as Les Huguenots were popular in his day, but are less often performed now

Gioacchino Rossini (1792 - 1868), Italian opera composer, best known for The Barber of Seville and overtures to various other operas

Franz Berwald (1796 - 1868), Swedish composer, little known in his lifetime, but his four symphonies are better known today

Carl Loewe (1796 - 1869), German composer of lieder

Gaetano Donizetti (1797 - 1848), Italian opera composer, known for Lucia di Lammermoor and L'Elisir d'Amore among others

Franz Schubert (1797-1828), Austrian composer, regarded as the first significant lieder writer, also known for his chamber music, piano works and symphonies


Early Romantic composers (born 1800-1820)

Vincenzo Bellini (1801 - 1835), Italian opera composer, known for I Puritani, Norma and La Sonnambula among others

Josef Lanner (1801 – 1843) Austrian dance music composer

Adolphe-Charles Adam (1803 - 1856), French composer best known for his ballet score Giselle

Hector Berlioz (1803 - 1869), French composer famous for his programmatic symphony, the Symphonie Fantastique

Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857), Russian whose operas such as A Life for the Tsar are based on specifically Russian themes

Johann Strauss I (1804 - 1849), Austrian dance music composer

Fanny Mendelssohn (1805 - 1847), sister of Felix Mendelssohn who herself wrote piano music and songs

Juan Crisostomo de Arriaga (1806 - 1826), Spanish composer who moved to Paris, France

Michael William Balfe (1808 - 1870), Irish opera composer, best known for The Bohemian Girl (1844)

Felix Mendelssohn (1809 - 1847), German composer, known for his symphonies, violin concerto and the overture Fingal's Cave among other works

Frédéric Chopin (1810 - 1849), Polish composer-pianist, his output includes a number of Polish dances such as mazurkas

Robert Schumann (1810-1856), German composer, a significant lieder writer, also wrote many short piano pieces

Franz Liszt (1811 - 1886), Hungarian composer-pianist, wrote a number of tone poems and extended piano technique

Charles-Valentin Alkan (1813 - 1888), French composer and pianist

Stephen Heller (1813 - 1888), Hungarian composer and pianist

William Henry Fry (1813 - 1864), American composer; composed the first opera written and produced in the United States

Giuseppe Verdi (1813 - 1901), one of the most popular Italian opera composers

Richard Wagner (1813 - 1883), German opera composer, regarded as one of the most significant composers of the 19th century

Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst (1814-1865), German violinist and composer, considered by some the greatest violinist of his time after Paganini

Niels Wilhelm Gade (1817 - 1890), probably the most significant 19th century Danish composer

Charles Gounod (1818 - 1893), French composer, best known for his opera Faust

Jacques Offenbach (1819 - 1880), French operetta composer, known for The Tales of Hoffmann

Clara Schumann (1819-1896), wife of Robert, and pianist who also wrote piano music


Middle Romantic composers (born 1820-1860)

Joseph Joachim Raff (1822 - 1882), Swiss-born composer, noted for his eleven symphonies, particular nos. 3 (Im Walde), 4 and 5 (Lenore)

César Franck (1822 - 1890), Belgian-born composer, noted for his Symphony, also a significant composer for the organ

Édouard Lalo (1823 - 1892), French composer remembered primarily for his Symphonie Espagnole for violin and orchestra and Cello Concerto

Anton Bruckner (1824 - 1896), Austrian composer of nine large-scale symphonies (one incomplete and two more unacknowledged, the third dedicated to Richard Wagner who he admired)

Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884), Czech nationalist composer, perhaps best known for his cycle of symphonic poems, Ma Vlast

Johann Strauss, Jr. (1825-1899), Austrian composer, known as "The Waltz King", composer of "The Blue Danube"

Josef Strauss (1827 - 1870), Austrian dance music composer

Woldemar Bargiel (1828 - 1897), German composer and teacher

Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829 - 1869), American composer, incorporated Creole melodies into his work, a forerunner of ragtime

Anton Rubinstein (1829 - 1894), Russian composer-pianist

Karl Goldmark (1830 - 1915), Hungarian influenced by Wagner

Gustav Lange (1830 - 1889), German composer. Two of his best loved piano solos are Edelweiss (Op. 31) and Blumenlied (Op. 39), a.k.a, Flower Song.

Francis Edward Bache (1833 - 1858), English composer-pianist

Alexander Borodin (1833 - 1887), Russian chemist and nationalist composer, one of The Mighty Handful, wrote the opera Prince Igor

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897), German composer seen as following in the footsteps of Beethoven. His first symphony was once called "Beethoven's tenth." Regarded as one of the greatest composers of the romantic era.

Amilcare Ponchielli (1834-1886), Italian composer

Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921), French composer perhaps best known for The Carnival of the Animals

Henryk Wieniawski (1835 - 1880), Polish composer and violinist, most famous for his two concertos and character pieces of exceptional difficulty

Felix Draeseke (1835 - 1913), German composer of the 'New German' school who nevertheless composed in the classical forms: his greatest work is the Symphony No. 3 (Tragica); the Cello Sonata, Op. 51 is also worthy to be ranked with Brahms.

Léo Delibes (1836 - 1891), one of the first significant ballet composers since the baroque, known for his Coppelia and Sylvia

Emile Waldteufel (1837 - 1915) was a French composer of popular music as well as waltzes and polkas.

Georges Bizet (1838 - 1875), French composer famous for his opera Carmen

Max Bruch (1838 - 1920), German composer, today known mostly for his Violin Concerto No. 1, Scottish Fantasy and Kol Nidrei (for cello and orchestra)

Friedrich Gernsheim (1839 - 1916), German composer, conductor, pianist and teacher (Moscheles pupil and friend of Brahms)

Modest Mussorgsky (1839 - 1881) Russian composer, known for his intensely nationalist, original works; famous for his opera Boris Godunov, and Pictures at an Exhibition.

John Knowles Paine (1839 - 1906) First native-born American composer to acquire fame for his large-scale orchestral music.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893), Russian composer known for his symphonies and other works

Antonín Dvořák (1841 - 1904), Nationalistic Czech composer, famous for his symphonies, especially the late ones.

Calixa Lavallée (1842 - 1891), Canadian composer best known for the national anthem, "O Canada". Wrote many Operettas and was a contemporary of Sir Arthur Sullivan.

Arrigo Boito (1842-1918), Italian composer and librettist, known as a composer exclusively for his opera Mefistofele

Jules Massenet (1842 - 1912), French composer best known for "Meditation" from his opera Thaïs

Arthur S. Sullivan (1842 - 1900), English operetta composer known for his collaborations with W. S. Gilbert

Edvard Grieg (1843 - 1907), Norwegian composer who wrote a famous Piano Concerto and several books of Lyric Pieces for the piano

Karl Michael Ziehrer (1843-1922), an Austrian composer and military bandmaster.

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844 - 1908), Russian composer, member of The Mighty Handful, wrote operas, the Capriccio espagnol and Scheherazade but probably best known for "The Flight of the Bumblebee"

Pablo Sarasate (1844-1908), Spanish virtuoso violinist and composer

Gabriel Fauré (1845 - 1924), French composer, known for his chamber music and a requiem among other pieces

Charles-Marie Widor (1845 - 1937), French composer, noted for his works for the organ

Luigi Denza (1846 - 1922), Italian composer of Funiculì, Funiculà

Robert Fuchs (1847 - 1927), Austrian composer and teacher, taught Sibelius, Wolf, Mahler, Melartin, among others

Franz Xaver Scharwenka (1850 - 1924), Polish-German composer, pianist, and teacher

Aleksandr Taneyev (1850 - 1918), Russian nationalist composer

Francisco Tarrega (1852-1909), Spanish composer who wrote many works for guitar

George Whitefield Chadwick (1854 - 1931), little known today, but one of the first significant American composers

Ernest Chausson (1855 - 1899), French composer influenced by Franck and Wagner, seen as a bridge from them to Claude Debussy

Julius Röntgen (1855 - 1932), German-born, later Dutch composer of the school of Brahms: wrote over 600 works in all the classical forms

Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov (1855 - 1914), Russian nationalist composer

Giuseppe Martucci (1856 - 1909), Italian composer, conductor and pianist, teacher of Respighi, early advocate of Wagner in Italy who however composed almost entirely instrumental music

Sergei Taneyev (1856 - 1915), Russian composer, oriented towards classical forms and the central European tradition

Edward Elgar (1857 - 1934), English composer, famous for his Enigma Variations, symphonies and Pomp and Circumstance Marches, among other pieces

Ruggiero Leoncavallo (1858 - 1919), Italian opera composer, known almost exclusively for I Pagliacci

Giacomo Puccini (1858 - 1924), late romantic Italian opera composer (La Bohème, Tosca, Madame Butterfly)

Eugène Ysaÿe (1858 - 1931), Belgian virtuoso violinist and composer

Hans Rott (1858 - 1884), Viennese composer

Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov (1859 - 1935), Russian composer, noted for his orchestral suite Caucasian Sketches, which contains the much excerpted Procession of the Sardar


Late Romantic composers (born 1860-1900)

Isaac Albéniz (1860 - 1909), first well-known Spanish composer since the Renaissance, composed nationalist piano works such as Iberia

Gustave Charpentier (1860 - 1956), French composer best known for his opera Louise

Gustav Mahler (1860 - 1911), Austrian composer of innovative large-scale and sometimes programmatic symphonies

Hugo Wolf (1860 - 1903), Austrian song composer

Anton Arensky (1861 - 1906), Russian composer, and a teacher of Rachmaninoff among others. His first piano trio and Variations on a Theme of Tchaikovsky (arranged from the second of his string quartets) are most often played presently.

Edward German (1862 - 1936), English composer known for his comic opera and light music

Horatio Parker (1863 - 1919), American composer, highly regarded in the late 19th century

Hugh Blair (1864–1932), composer

Richard Strauss (1864 - 1949), German composer, also a noted conductor

Paul Dukas (1865 - 1935), French composer, almost exclusively known today for his piece of program music, The Sorcerer's Apprentice

Alexander Glazunov (1865 - 1936), Russian, influenced by Wagner and Liszt

Jean Sibelius (1865 - 1957), Finnish nationalist composer

Ferruccio Busoni (1866 - 1924), Italian composer-pianist, known for his operas Doktor Faust and Turandot and his many transcriptions and arrangements of Johann Sebastian Bach

Enrique Granados (1867 – 1916), Spanish composer and pianist.

Amy Beach (1867 - 1944), American, the leading female composer of her time

Franz Lehár (1870 -1948) Hungarian, mainly known for his operettas.

Guillaume Lekeu (1870 - 1894), Belgian/Walloon, best known for his violin sonata (1892–3)

Amadeu Vives (1871-1932), Catalan composer

Paul Juon (1872 - 1940), Russian-born though much-travelled composer with a large output of chamber works and lieder especially

Alexander Scriabin (1872 - 1915), Russian,known for his harmonically adventurous piano sonatas and theatrical orchestral works

Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873 – 1943), Russian composer, pianist, and conductor.

Max Reger (1873 - 1916), prolific German composer, known for his Variations on a Theme of Mozart

Franz Schmidt (1874-1939), Austrian composer, influenced by Mahler

Reinhold Gliere (1875 - 1956), Russian who wrote pieces in a romantic style well into the 20th century

Erkki Melartin (1875 - 1937), Finnish composer, pupil of Robert Fuchs, whose six symphonies show the influence of Mahler and Sibelius (and in the vocalise of the fourth, also of Nielsen)

Isidor Bajić (1878-1915),Serbian composer

Joseph Canteloube (1879 - 1957), French composer, best known for his Songs of the Auvergne

Ottorino Respighi (1879 - 1936), Italian composer, known for symphonic poems The Fountains of Rome and The Pines of Rome

Grigoraş Dinicu (1889 - 1949), Romanian composer, best known for his violin showpieces

Claude Champagne (1891 - 1965), Canadian composer best known for his violin showpiece "Danse villageoise"

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