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Who are the Composers of the Romantic Ages?!?
List of Romantic composers
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1 Classical era/Romantic transition composers (born 1770-1800)
2 Early Romantic composers (born 1800-1820)
3 Middle Romantic composers (born 1820-1860)
4 Late Romantic composers (born 1860-1900)
5 See also
Classical era/Romantic transition composers (born 1770-1800)
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), German regarded by many as the first romantic composer and one of the most significant composers in history
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778 - 1837), German composer, whose music bridged the Classical and Romantic periods.
Fernando Sor (1778 - 1839), Spanish composer and guitarist
Anthony Philip Heinrich (1781 - 1861), American composer of Bohemian origin, wrote highly original program music; first significant American orchestral composer
Daniel Auber (1782 - 1871), French opera composer, well known in his time, but rarely performed today
John Field (1782 - 1837), Irish composer and pianist, notable for cultivating the nocturne
Niccolò Paganini (1782 - 1840), Italian violinist and composer
Louis Spohr (1784 - 1859), German composer
Pietro Raimondi (1786 - 1853), Italian composer of operas and sacred music, noted for innovative contrapuntal experiments
Carl Maria von Weber (1786 - 1826), German composer, a bridge between the Classical and Romantic styles
Nicolas Bochsa (1789 - 1856), French composer best known today for his studies and exercises for the harp. One of the most celebrated harpists of the XIXth century.
Carl Czerny (1791 - 1857), Austrian composer best known today for his studies and exercises for the piano
Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791 - 1864), German composer, whose spectacular operas such as Les Huguenots were popular in his day, but are less often performed now
Gioacchino Rossini (1792 - 1868), Italian opera composer, best known for The Barber of Seville and overtures to various other operas
Franz Berwald (1796 - 1868), Swedish composer, little known in his lifetime, but his four symphonies are better known today
Carl Loewe (1796 - 1869), German composer of lieder
Gaetano Donizetti (1797 - 1848), Italian opera composer, known for Lucia di Lammermoor and L'Elisir d'Amore among others
Franz Schubert (1797-1828), Austrian composer, regarded as the first significant lieder writer, also known for his chamber music, piano works and symphonies
Early Romantic composers (born 1800-1820)
Vincenzo Bellini (1801 - 1835), Italian opera composer, known for I Puritani, Norma and La Sonnambula among others
Josef Lanner (1801 – 1843) Austrian dance music composer
Adolphe-Charles Adam (1803 - 1856), French composer best known for his ballet score Giselle
Hector Berlioz (1803 - 1869), French composer famous for his programmatic symphony, the Symphonie Fantastique
Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857), Russian whose operas such as A Life for the Tsar are based on specifically Russian themes
Johann Strauss I (1804 - 1849), Austrian dance music composer
Fanny Mendelssohn (1805 - 1847), sister of Felix Mendelssohn who herself wrote piano music and songs
Juan Crisostomo de Arriaga (1806 - 1826), Spanish composer who moved to Paris, France
Michael William Balfe (1808 - 1870), Irish opera composer, best known for The Bohemian Girl (1844)
Felix Mendelssohn (1809 - 1847), German composer, known for his symphonies, violin concerto and the overture Fingal's Cave among other works
Frédéric Chopin (1810 - 1849), Polish composer-pianist, his output includes a number of Polish dances such as mazurkas
Robert Schumann (1810-1856), German composer, a significant lieder writer, also wrote many short piano pieces
Franz Liszt (1811 - 1886), Hungarian composer-pianist, wrote a number of tone poems and extended piano technique
Charles-Valentin Alkan (1813 - 1888), French composer and pianist
Stephen Heller (1813 - 1888), Hungarian composer and pianist
William Henry Fry (1813 - 1864), American composer; composed the first opera written and produced in the United States
Giuseppe Verdi (1813 - 1901), one of the most popular Italian opera composers
Richard Wagner (1813 - 1883), German opera composer, regarded as one of the most significant composers of the 19th century
Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst (1814-1865), German violinist and composer, considered by some the greatest violinist of his time after Paganini
Niels Wilhelm Gade (1817 - 1890), probably the most significant 19th century Danish composer
Charles Gounod (1818 - 1893), French composer, best known for his opera Faust
Jacques Offenbach (1819 - 1880), French operetta composer, known for The Tales of Hoffmann
Clara Schumann (1819-1896), wife of Robert, and pianist who also wrote piano music
Middle Romantic composers (born 1820-1860)
Joseph Joachim Raff (1822 - 1882), Swiss-born composer, noted for his eleven symphonies, particular nos. 3 (Im Walde), 4 and 5 (Lenore)
César Franck (1822 - 1890), Belgian-born composer, noted for his Symphony, also a significant composer for the organ
Édouard Lalo (1823 - 1892), French composer remembered primarily for his Symphonie Espagnole for violin and orchestra and Cello Concerto
Anton Bruckner (1824 - 1896), Austrian composer of nine large-scale symphonies (one incomplete and two more unacknowledged, the third dedicated to Richard Wagner who he admired)
Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884), Czech nationalist composer, perhaps best known for his cycle of symphonic poems, Ma Vlast
Johann Strauss, Jr. (1825-1899), Austrian composer, known as "The Waltz King", composer of "The Blue Danube"
Josef Strauss (1827 - 1870), Austrian dance music composer
Woldemar Bargiel (1828 - 1897), German composer and teacher
Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829 - 1869), American composer, incorporated Creole melodies into his work, a forerunner of ragtime
Anton Rubinstein (1829 - 1894), Russian composer-pianist
Karl Goldmark (1830 - 1915), Hungarian influenced by Wagner
Gustav Lange (1830 - 1889), German composer. Two of his best loved piano solos are Edelweiss (Op. 31) and Blumenlied (Op. 39), a.k.a, Flower Song.
Francis Edward Bache (1833 - 1858), English composer-pianist
Alexander Borodin (1833 - 1887), Russian chemist and nationalist composer, one of The Mighty Handful, wrote the opera Prince Igor
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897), German composer seen as following in the footsteps of Beethoven. His first symphony was once called "Beethoven's tenth." Regarded as one of the greatest composers of the romantic era.
Amilcare Ponchielli (1834-1886), Italian composer
Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921), French composer perhaps best known for The Carnival of the Animals
Henryk Wieniawski (1835 - 1880), Polish composer and violinist, most famous for his two concertos and character pieces of exceptional difficulty
Felix Draeseke (1835 - 1913), German composer of the 'New German' school who nevertheless composed in the classical forms: his greatest work is the Symphony No. 3 (Tragica); the Cello Sonata, Op. 51 is also worthy to be ranked with Brahms.
Léo Delibes (1836 - 1891), one of the first significant ballet composers since the baroque, known for his Coppelia and Sylvia
Emile Waldteufel (1837 - 1915) was a French composer of popular music as well as waltzes and polkas.
Georges Bizet (1838 - 1875), French composer famous for his opera Carmen
Max Bruch (1838 - 1920), German composer, today known mostly for his Violin Concerto No. 1, Scottish Fantasy and Kol Nidrei (for cello and orchestra)
Friedrich Gernsheim (1839 - 1916), German composer, conductor, pianist and teacher (Moscheles pupil and friend of Brahms)
Modest Mussorgsky (1839 - 1881) Russian composer, known for his intensely nationalist, original works; famous for his opera Boris Godunov, and Pictures at an Exhibition.
John Knowles Paine (1839 - 1906) First native-born American composer to acquire fame for his large-scale orchestral music.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893), Russian composer known for his symphonies and other works
Antonín Dvořák (1841 - 1904), Nationalistic Czech composer, famous for his symphonies, especially the late ones.
Calixa Lavallée (1842 - 1891), Canadian composer best known for the national anthem, "O Canada". Wrote many Operettas and was a contemporary of Sir Arthur Sullivan.
Arrigo Boito (1842-1918), Italian composer and librettist, known as a composer exclusively for his opera Mefistofele
Jules Massenet (1842 - 1912), French composer best known for "Meditation" from his opera Thaïs
Arthur S. Sullivan (1842 - 1900), English operetta composer known for his collaborations with W. S. Gilbert
Edvard Grieg (1843 - 1907), Norwegian composer who wrote a famous Piano Concerto and several books of Lyric Pieces for the piano
Karl Michael Ziehrer (1843-1922), an Austrian composer and military bandmaster.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844 - 1908), Russian composer, member of The Mighty Handful, wrote operas, the Capriccio espagnol and Scheherazade but probably best known for "The Flight of the Bumblebee"
Pablo Sarasate (1844-1908), Spanish virtuoso violinist and composer
Gabriel Fauré (1845 - 1924), French composer, known for his chamber music and a requiem among other pieces
Charles-Marie Widor (1845 - 1937), French composer, noted for his works for the organ
Luigi Denza (1846 - 1922), Italian composer of Funiculì, Funiculà
Robert Fuchs (1847 - 1927), Austrian composer and teacher, taught Sibelius, Wolf, Mahler, Melartin, among others
Franz Xaver Scharwenka (1850 - 1924), Polish-German composer, pianist, and teacher
Aleksandr Taneyev (1850 - 1918), Russian nationalist composer
Francisco Tarrega (1852-1909), Spanish composer who wrote many works for guitar
George Whitefield Chadwick (1854 - 1931), little known today, but one of the first significant American composers
Ernest Chausson (1855 - 1899), French composer influenced by Franck and Wagner, seen as a bridge from them to Claude Debussy
Julius Röntgen (1855 - 1932), German-born, later Dutch composer of the school of Brahms: wrote over 600 works in all the classical forms
Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov (1855 - 1914), Russian nationalist composer
Giuseppe Martucci (1856 - 1909), Italian composer, conductor and pianist, teacher of Respighi, early advocate of Wagner in Italy who however composed almost entirely instrumental music
Sergei Taneyev (1856 - 1915), Russian composer, oriented towards classical forms and the central European tradition
Edward Elgar (1857 - 1934), English composer, famous for his Enigma Variations, symphonies and Pomp and Circumstance Marches, among other pieces
Ruggiero Leoncavallo (1858 - 1919), Italian opera composer, known almost exclusively for I Pagliacci
Giacomo Puccini (1858 - 1924), late romantic Italian opera composer (La Bohème, Tosca, Madame Butterfly)
Eugène Ysaÿe (1858 - 1931), Belgian virtuoso violinist and composer
Hans Rott (1858 - 1884), Viennese composer
Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov (1859 - 1935), Russian composer, noted for his orchestral suite Caucasian Sketches, which contains the much excerpted Procession of the Sardar
Late Romantic composers (born 1860-1900)
Isaac Albéniz (1860 - 1909), first well-known Spanish composer since the Renaissance, composed nationalist piano works such as Iberia
Gustave Charpentier (1860 - 1956), French composer best known for his opera Louise
Gustav Mahler (1860 - 1911), Austrian composer of innovative large-scale and sometimes programmatic symphonies
Hugo Wolf (1860 - 1903), Austrian song composer
Anton Arensky (1861 - 1906), Russian composer, and a teacher of Rachmaninoff among others. His first piano trio and Variations on a Theme of Tchaikovsky (arranged from the second of his string quartets) are most often played presently.
Edward German (1862 - 1936), English composer known for his comic opera and light music
Horatio Parker (1863 - 1919), American composer, highly regarded in the late 19th century
Hugh Blair (1864–1932), composer
Richard Strauss (1864 - 1949), German composer, also a noted conductor
Paul Dukas (1865 - 1935), French composer, almost exclusively known today for his piece of program music, The Sorcerer's Apprentice
Alexander Glazunov (1865 - 1936), Russian, influenced by Wagner and Liszt
Jean Sibelius (1865 - 1957), Finnish nationalist composer
Ferruccio Busoni (1866 - 1924), Italian composer-pianist, known for his operas Doktor Faust and Turandot and his many transcriptions and arrangements of Johann Sebastian Bach
Enrique Granados (1867 – 1916), Spanish composer and pianist.
Amy Beach (1867 - 1944), American, the leading female composer of her time
Franz Lehár (1870 -1948) Hungarian, mainly known for his operettas.
Guillaume Lekeu (1870 - 1894), Belgian/Walloon, best known for his violin sonata (1892–3)
Amadeu Vives (1871-1932), Catalan composer
Paul Juon (1872 - 1940), Russian-born though much-travelled composer with a large output of chamber works and lieder especially
Alexander Scriabin (1872 - 1915), Russian,known for his harmonically adventurous piano sonatas and theatrical orchestral works
Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873 – 1943), Russian composer, pianist, and conductor.
Max Reger (1873 - 1916), prolific German composer, known for his Variations on a Theme of Mozart
Franz Schmidt (1874-1939), Austrian composer, influenced by Mahler
Reinhold Gliere (1875 - 1956), Russian who wrote pieces in a romantic style well into the 20th century
Erkki Melartin (1875 - 1937), Finnish composer, pupil of Robert Fuchs, whose six symphonies show the influence of Mahler and Sibelius (and in the vocalise of the fourth, also of Nielsen)
Isidor Bajić (1878-1915),Serbian composer
Joseph Canteloube (1879 - 1957), French composer, best known for his Songs of the Auvergne
Ottorino Respighi (1879 - 1936), Italian composer, known for symphonic poems The Fountains of Rome and The Pines of Rome
Grigoraş Dinicu (1889 - 1949), Romanian composer, best known for his violin showpieces
Claude Champagne (1891 - 1965), Canadian composer best known for his violin showpiece "Danse villageoise"