World Leprosy Week on January, 2021: why anti leprosy week celebrated in that specific week?
World Leprosy Week 2021. World Leprosy Day Help share the love of Jesus and raise awareness of leprosy in Asia.
I couln't find why. Just found that it is. I had never heard of it before.
Mumbai Jan 31: The martyrdom day of Mahatma Gandhi (30th January) is observed as Anti-leprosy day throughout the world. It is also called "International Anti-leprosy day". NGOs, international voluntary agencies and government machineries observe a week-long programme starting from 30th Jan. to 5th Feb. giving scientific information on leprosy to the masses and sensitising the public on the disease. Various activities in public places are organised for disseminating message on leprosy.
give info on leprosy?
Probably the oldest disease known to mankind, leprosy, known as kustha rog in Hindi, is attributed to a curse. A leper is considered the cursed one mainly because of the deformities it can cause.
Though it has been wiped out from most parts of the world, it continues to be a major health hazard in India. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), India accounts for about one third of leprosy cases in the world.
A highly infectious disease, it can be controlled with proper treatment within a few weeks. It is caused by the Mycobacterium Laprae, which is usually transmitted from other leprosy patients. All patients with active leprosy, especially cases of Lepromatous Leprosy and borderline cases, should be considered infectious.
Lepromatous Leprosy patients harbour millions of Mycobacterium Leprae bacilli in their nasal mucosa, which are discharged when they sneeze or blow their noses.
Quite prevalent among children, the rate of incidence rises to a peak between 10 to 20 years.
Immunity It is a well known fact that only a few people exposed to the infection develop the disease. Some pregnant women develop lesions that heal spontaneously and help them acquire immunity in the process.
Factors that could lead to infection
Proximity to leprosy patients.
Presence of humidity in the environment favours the survival of Mycobacterium Leprae.
Overcrowding and lack of ventilation at home.
Lack of health education and personal hygiene.
Leprosy mainly affects the peripheral nerves, and sometimes the skin, muscles, bones, eyes and the internal organs. A patient may have some or all of the following features.
Partial or total loss of sensation in the affected areas.
Presence of thickened nerves.
Presence of bacilli on the skin or nasal smears.
An advanced case of leprosy can have deformities like:
Presence of nodules or lumps on the face or ears.
Loss of fingers or toes.
Foot drop and wrist drop.
Perforation of the palate.
Medical experts now use a multidrug therapy to effectively control the disease. There is now considerable evidence that BCG vaccine can provide some protection against clinical leprosy. In view of the variable protective effects of the BCG vaccine, several alternative vaccine preparations are being developed against leprosy.
Multidrug therapy: The drugs used are Rifampicin, Dapsone, Clofazimine, Ethionamide and Protionamide. The duration of treatment should depend upon the symptoms of the disease.
The WHO has recommended that the multidrug therapy for leprosy should be administered for at least two years and continued till the smear disappears. Even after the patient's tests do not show any presence of the leprosy bacilli, the patient should be kept under observation, ideally for a period of five years.
What is Leprosy????????
Hansen's disease (Leprosy to you) is a disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It is rare in the develop world but still rife and problematic across South America, Africa and Asia. The problem is actually due to immunological reaction to the dying bacteria which attack the nerves. There is loss of sensation over the affected nerves leading to ulceration, burns or severe trauma. As a result fingers or toes may be lost and extensive tissue destruction such as collapse of the nose etc.
Infection is transmitted by mucus droplets and requires prolonged contact. Treatment with Dapsone, Rifampicin etc is effective and the infection is cleared in a matter of weeks, but to prevent relapse a period of several weeks to perhaps a whole year of treatment is needed. of course, damaged nerves etc cannot recover.