Ball Point Pen Day 2021 is on Thursday, June 10, 2021: who devised the first ball-point pen?
Thursday, June 10, 2021 is Ball Point Pen Day 2021. Ball Point Pen Day June 10 by CeruleanBoxes on deviantART Ball Point Pen Day June 10 by
The first great success for the ballpoint pen came on an October morning in 1945 when a crowd of over 5,000 people jammed the entrance of New York’s Gimbels Department Store. The day before, Gimbels had taken out a full-page ad in the New York Times promoting the first sale of ballpoints in the United States. The ad described the new pen as a "fantastic... miraculous fountain pen ... guaranteed to write for two years without refilling!" On that first day of sales, Gimbels sold out its entire stock of 10,000 pens-at $12.50 each!
Actually, this "new" pen wasn't new at all and didn't work much better than ballpoint pens that had been produced ten years earlier. The story begins in 1888 when John Loud, an American leather tanner, patented a roller-ball-tip marking pen. Loud’s invention featured a reservoir of ink and a roller ball that applied the thick ink to leather hides. John Loud’s pen was never produced, nor were any of the other 350 patents for ball-type pens issued over the next thirty years. The major problem was the ink - if the ink was thin the pens leaked, and if it was too thick, they clogged. Depending on the temperature, the pen would sometimes do both.
The next stage of development came almost fifty years after Loud’s patent, with an improved version invented in Hungary in 1935 by Ladislas Biro and his brother, Georg. Ladislas Biro was very talented and confident of his abilities, but he had never had a pursuit that kept his interest and earned him a good living. He had studied medicine, art, and hypnotism, and in 1935 he was editing a small newspaper-where he was frustrated by the amount of time he wasted filling fountain pens and cleaning up ink smudges. Besides that, the sharp tip of his fountain pen often scratched or tore through the newsprint (paper). Determined to develop a better pen, Ladislas and Georg (who was a chemist) set about making models of new designs and formulating better inks to use in them.
One summer day while vacationing at the seashore, the Biro brothers met an interesting elderly gentleman, Augustine Justo, who happened to be the president of Argentina. After the brothers showed him their model of a ballpoint pen, President Justo urged them to set up a factory in Argentina. When World War II broke out in Europe, a few years later, the Biros fled to Argentina, stopping in Paris along the way to patent their pen.
All the best :)
when were ball point pens invented?
On an October morning in 1945, the ball point pen was invented. The first day of Gimbals sales, they sold out the entire stock of pens. There were 10,000 pens only for 12.50 for one pen. In 1888 John Loud patented a rolling ball tipped pen. In 1943 the Biros set up a manufacturing place. A great interest came from the American fliers. The ball point pen was ideal for the pilots because it worked at high altitudes. Milton Reynolds marketed a kind of ball point pen. The first had no smear-ink.
In 1952 a man named Bich introduced a new pen: non leaky pen called the ball point Bic. Pens depended on the gravity for ink to dribble to the rolling ball. These pens only worked when they were
slanted diagonally . A new design relied on capillary action rather then gravity feeding the ink. That rough ball at the end of this improved ink flow even more smoothly. A reservoir held the ink and a roller ball applied the thick ink to the leather hides. They made the pens out of aluminum scraps that were not being used for the war. The sharp tip of the fountain pen sometimes ripped or tore the newsprint. Then they invented a smooth writing, quick drying, non skipping, non fading pen that most importantly did not leak . So Marcel Bich invented a very, very bad pen of poor quality at a very high cost. In every pen a rolling ball mechanism is pretty much the same as found in a ball point bic.
Ball point pen all over a white chef jacket!!!! Help!!!?
Ink stains on clothing is something most people have to deal with at one point or the other. Ink can be pretty tough to get out, but most ballpoint pen ink stains come out with lots of persistence and patience. Test on similar scraps of fabric before proceeding.
Sponge the stain with water to remove as much ink as possible.
Allow the spot to dry.
Set the affected area face down on a clean cloth or paper towels.
Spray the back side of the stain with hairspray, or apply rubbing alcohol or nail polish remover.
Blot the back side with a clean terry cloth washcloth to further remove as much ink as possible.
Apply laundry pretreatment.
Wash in warm water.